Unit 4 Reading
What do you know about the UN?
The UN logo 联合国徽记
The UN flag
The UN headquarters (New York) 联合国总部
General Assembly of the United Nations (UNGA) 联合国大会 (简称“联大” ) 简称“ 简称 联大”
Secretary General of the United Nations 联合国秘书长
特里格夫·赖伊，挪威人。 特里格夫 赖伊，挪威人。联合国第一任秘 赖伊 书长（ 书长（1946至1952年）。 至 年
潘基文，韩国人， 潘基文，韩国人，联合 国第八任秘书长， 国第八任秘书长，2006 年新当选。 年新当选。
The UN peace-keeping force 联合国维和部队
The five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council
Read the text quickly and answer the following questions. 1. Who is Tang Ning? A businesswoman and a Goodwill Ambassador. 2. How many countries belong to the UN? 191 countries. 3. Which countries has Tang Ning visited? Countries in Africa.
? 1.What is the UN?
The UN is an international organization made up of countries that want to promote(促进） word peace. 促进） 促进
2.What does a Goodwill Ambassader do?
Being a Goodwill Ambassader means that I visit countries where the UN operates(运作)programmes to help people.
Listen to the second paragraphs and try to fill in as much information as you can. The United Nations When it was set up（建立） （建立） Countries in the UN (originally) (recently) Its four main functions （功能） 功能）
Fill in as much information as you can.
The United Nations (the UN) After the Second World When it was set up War in October 1945
(originally) 51 countries Countries in the UN (recently) 191 countries
Fill in as much information as you can. The United Nations (the UN) to keep international peace; 1.____________________________ Its four main to work together in solving 3.____________________________ functions ____________________________in international political conflicts and ____________________________ promoting respect for human rights; to be a center for organizing(组织 组织) 组织 4.____________________________ the actions or work of different ____________________________ _____________ nations. to develop （发展）friendly 发展） 2.____________________________ relationships among nations; ____________________________
The 3rd paragraph
? 1.touch 触及 ? 2.horrible conflicts 恐怖的冲突 ? 3.with the help of 在……的帮助下 的帮助下 ? 4.worthy organizations 可敬的组织 ? 5.assist 帮助,援助 援助, 帮助 援助 帮 assist sb. with/in (doing) sth. 助…… 6.child labour 童工
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1.有机会做某事 have the chance to do 有机会做某事 2.做某事感到荣幸 feel honoured to do sth 做某事感到荣幸 take on the role 3.担当角色 担当角色 be made up of 4.由……组成 由 组成 promote world peace 5.促进世界和* 促进世界和* set up 6.建立 建立 7.解决政治冲突 solve political conflicts 解决政治冲突 8.人权 人权 human right 9.在……的帮助下 with the help of 在 的帮助下 10.童工 童工 child labour
UN Goodwill Ambassador
Jackie Chan actor & martial arts expert Cambodia, in April 2004
Lang Lang Pianist of our time on 20 May 2004
United Nations International Children’s Fund 联合国儿童基金会
David Beckham Football player NEW YORK, 12 January 2005
Read the fourth paragraphs and try to answer these questions?
1. What occupation does the speaker take up in the UN? 2. How much money does she earn by doing this job? 3. What project or projects has she been involved in? 4. How does she help those people that need help?
1. What occupation does the speaker take up in the UN? A Goodwill Ambassador. 2. How much money does she earn by doing this job? Her job is not paid but voluntry. 3. What project or projects has she been involved in? She visits countries where the UN has programmes to help people.
4. How does she help those people that need help? Her visits will increase (增加 增加)people’s 增加 knowledge of the work of the UN and encourage(鼓励 people working on the 鼓励) 鼓励 projects and draw local people’s
attention to the situation.
Listen to the fifth paragraphs and Answer the questions?
In the paragraph we will hear a UN programme in Africa. How did the programme help the local people?
? ? ? ? ? ?
1.approximately 大约，大概 2.add……to 把……加到…… 3.acquire materials 获得原料 4.for a profit 获利 5.transform people’s life 改变人们的生活 6.provide for sb 为某人提供生活所需
Find the rest information in para. 5.
The United Nations (the UN)
Goals it will try and meet by 2015
To ensure that clean water ☆ ____________________ is available to everyone; To ensure all children ☆ _____________________ complete primary education(小学 小学 _____________________ 教育). 教育
? 1.apart from ? 2.meet the goal ? 3.be available to
除……之外（还有） 实现目标 可被...利用或可得到的
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
increase knowledge 1.增加知识 增加知识 2.吸引某人注意 draw someone’s attention to 吸引某人注意 3. 把……加到 加到…… 加到 add……to acquire materials 4.获得原料 获得原料 5.改变人们的生活 transform people’s life 改变人们的生活 6.为某人提供生活所需 provide for sb 为某人提供生活所需 under the umbrella of 7.在……的保护下 在 的保护下 apart from 8. 除……之外（还有） 之外（还有） 之外 meet the goal 9.实现目标 实现目标 10.可被 利用或可得到的 be available to 可被...利用或可得到的 可被
1.?The UN is an international organization made up 1. of countries that want to promote world peace.
2. She felt honoured and happy. 3. They come from different countries that belong to the UN. 4. She visited countries where the UN operates programme to help people. 5. Baskets. They sell them at the market for a profit.
6. lack of education, starvation, disasters,AIDS and other diseases.
7. Access to clean water for everyone and primary education for all children.
set up The UN was actually ______just after the In October 1945 51countries second war ____________by ________. Today, nearly every nation in the world 192 countries belongs to the UN--___________ altogether. The UN has___________: four functions International peace to keep_________________; friendly relationships to develop_________________ among nations; to work together in solving international problems __________________________and in promoting respect for human rights __________________________; and a centre to be_______ for organizing the actions or work of different nations.
The UN is involved in peacekeeping operations to end some of the world’s most horrible conflicts help__________________________________. It also assists the victims of wars and disasters. ______ In addition, the UN helps protect the human rights __________________ Improving international laws and works to ______________________. At a UN meeting in 2000, all members agreed to try and meet eight development goals _______________________________by the year 2015.